18. Otzi's quiver and arrows
18. Otzi's quiver and arrows

When Otzi was discovered archaeologists found 2 arrows with flint arrow heads, which were broken, and 12 blank shafts. The unfinished shafts are between 84 and 87 cm long and made of the shoots of viburnum sapwood. The bark had been removed, but they had not yet been smoothed. All had notches cut into the ends.
A theory put forward by archaeologists explaining the unfinished arrows is that he found a suitable piece of wood from an evergreen yew trunk and was working on it at night while resting at camp. He may have even been working on them before falling asleep the night before he died.

Both complete arrows had flint arrowheads fixed to the shaft with birch tar and then bound with thread. The other ends bear the remains of three-part radial fletching attached with birch tar and thin nettle thread. The arrows, which were made of rosewood, have been the subject of considerate speculation among the archaeologists who have studied the Iceman's remains. The fact that the Iceman carried mostly broken arrows and a bow under construction supports the theory that Otzi was involoved in a violent fight with other humans and fled into the mountains to escape.
According to technical archaeologist Harm Paulsen, the two arrows could not have been made by the same person. The fletching shows that one was wound by a left-hander and the other by a right-hander. Furthermore, the arrow with the extended tip was too long for the Iceman’s quiver. Harm Paulsen’s analysis of the arrows support the theory that in Italy during the Neolithic period there were weapon makers and people who specialised in certain tasks.

Otzi was also carrying a fur quiver in which he stored his arrows. The rectangular, elongated quiver was made of chamois hide. It was stitched together along 3 sides and was supported along its length by a 92 cm-long hazel wood rod. There were 2 pieces of hide that folded down to cover the top of the bag to protect the feathers on his arrows and keep the rain out.
The quiver contained two arrows ready to be shot, 12 unfinished arrow shafts, a coiled tree-bast string about 2m in length, four tips of stag antlers tied together with strips of bast, a bent antler tip, which is a universal tool that could be used, among other things, for skinning animals, and two bundles of animal sinew. The antler fragments could have been used to carve at least eight arrowheads, although the complete arrowheads were carved from flint, which was probably the preferred material.

Otzi's clothing